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We report the effects of anticancer drugs, inhibitors of microtubule organisation, on the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) in Ehrlich ascites tumour cells. Taxol (5–20 μM) and colchicine (100–500 μM) prevented closing of the cyclosporin A-sensitive PTP. No taxol or colchicine effects on oxidative phosphorylation were observed in the range of concentrations used. We suggest that either membrane-bound tubulin per se can be part of PTP and/or the attachment of mitochondria to the microtubular network is essential for PTP regulation. The taxol inhibition of PTP closure, mediated through interaction with the cytoskeleton, sheds new light on the cytotoxic properties of this anticancer drug.